By D. Armstrong
Scientific texts supply a strong technique of getting access to modern perceptions of affliction and during them assumptions in regards to the nature of the physique and id. via mapping those perceptions, from their nineteenth-century specialise in ailment situated in a organic physique via to their 'discovery' of the psycho-social sufferer of the overdue 20th century, a historical past of identification, either actual and mental, is published.
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Extra resources for A New History of Identity: A Sociology of Medical Knowledge
While living, the anatomical space of the body was maintained in its separateness by elaborate sanitary procedures, but when dead, the body itself had to be rejoined to non-corporal space. This process posed major difﬁculties whichever way it was perceived. Sanitary science had split the world into two parts, nature and a body-separated-out, but then, at the end of life, those worlds had to be collapsed together again, the crucial distinction between anatomical and non-anatomical space dissolved.
Weapons drill, it was argued, over-developed the arms and chest without compensating balance from the legs and trunk. The new intention was to develop the soldier as a whole by using the body as the object of drill not the body as an adjunct of the weapon. The development of drill without weapons – or physical training, as it was to become known – established techniques of body management that could easily be transferred from military to civilian life. And what better place to start than the growing body of the child.
Sanitary science had split the world into two parts, nature and a body-separated-out, but then, at the end of life, those worlds had to be collapsed together again, the crucial distinction between anatomical and non-anatomical space dissolved. Such a process threatened the inviolability of the rules of hygiene that underpinned sanitary practice. Sanitary science had maintained the integrity of the body by trying to monitor and exclude these dangerous substances – mainly dirt – from crossing the great divide: how then could the body, this great creation of hygienic practice, be reduced to something akin to dirt?
A New History of Identity: A Sociology of Medical Knowledge by D. Armstrong