By Sven Eliaeson, Lyudmila Harutyunyan, Larissa Titarenko
The break-up of the Soviet Union is a key occasion of the 20 th century. The thirty ninth IIS congress in Yerevan 2009 occupied with reasons and results of this occasion and on shifts on the earth order that in its wake. This quantity is an attempt to chart those advancements in empirical and conceptual phrases. It has a spotlight at the lands of the previous Soviet Union but in addition explores pathways and contexts within the moment international at huge. The Soviet Union used to be an entire scale test in growing another modernity. The implosion of this union gave upward thrust to new states looking for nationwide id. At a time whilst a few observers heralded the tip of heritage, there has been a rediscovery of historic legacies and a look for new paths of improvement around the former moment global. In a few elements of this global long-repressed legacies have been rediscovered. They have been occasionally, as when it comes to international locations in East significant Europe, equipped round stories of parliamentary democracy and its alternative through authoritarian rule in the course of the interwar interval. a few legacies stated efforts at developing statehood within the wake of the 1st global conflict, others to nationwide upheavals within the 19th century and past. In imperative Asia and lots of components of the Caucasus the cultural history of Islam in its various forms gave upward push to new markers of identification but in addition to violent contestations. In South Caucasus, Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan have embarked upon fantastically varied, yet always contingent, paths of improvement. Analogously middle parts of the outdated union have passed through tumultuous, yet till the final 12 months and a part principally cold, differences. The crystallization of divergent paths of improvement within the biggest republics of that union, i.e. Russia and Ukraine, has ushered in divergent nationwide imaginations but in addition in sequence of bloody confrontations.
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Domanski creates new data on contentious styles and democratic consolidation. We have in today’s society huge segments that do not really meaningfully relate to the forces of production as described by Marx and others. A new conceptualization and also diversified documentation are needed, about who it was that engaged in the protests by the solidarity movement compared to recruitment bases today and to civil associational engagements and popular 20 Eliaeson, Harutyunyan and Titarenko movements.
Friedrich List was an institutionalist pioneer, bringing the state into the domain of political economy. Karl Marx belonged to the same scholarly tradition and remains relevant. Veblen could also be mentioned. Samuel Pufendorf 6 Eliaeson, Harutyunyan and Titarenko (1632–1686) was a theoretician of civil society avant la lettre and a peacemaker between religions, just as Axel Hägerström later on was a peacemaker between secular religions (ideologies), in the post-Enlightenment predicament of valueincommensurability.
Alfred Weber, Karl Jaspers and Erich Voegelin might serve better as immediate sources of inspiration for the Multi-Modernity-Paradigm (Arnason; Eisenstadt and Wittrock) but Weber’s views on the irreversible and victorious Occidental rationalization process cannot be neglected. The Nachfolgerstaaten to the Russian empire exemplify a number of pathdependent routes to Modernity. Even European Modernity itself is the result of a handful of various modernization processes (Liah Greenfeld 1992). So there is no primrose path, but a number of Sonderwege.
After the Soviet Empire: Legacies and Pathways by Sven Eliaeson, Lyudmila Harutyunyan, Larissa Titarenko